Kalmar County

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Kalmar County
Kalmar län
Flag of Kalmar County
Coat of arms of Kalmar County
Kalmar County in Sweden
Kalmar County in Sweden
Location map of Kalmar County in Sweden
Location map of Kalmar County in Sweden
Coordinates: 56°44′0″N 15°54′0″E / 56.73333°N 15.90000°E / 56.73333; 15.90000Coordinates: 56°44′0″N 15°54′0″E / 56.73333°N 15.90000°E / 56.73333; 15.90000
CountrySweden
Founded1634
CapitalKalmar
Municipalities
Government
 • GovernorThomas Carlzon
 • County CouncilLandstinget i Kalmar län
Area
 • Total11,217.8 km2 (4,331.2 sq mi)
Population
 (30 September 2017)[1]
 • Total243,219
 • Density22/km2 (56/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeSE-H
GDP/ NominalSEK million (2004)
GDP per capitaSEK
NUTS RegionSE213
Websitewww.h.lst.se

Kalmar County (Swedish: Kalmar län) is a county or län in southern Sweden. It borders the counties of Kronoberg, Jönköping, Blekinge and Östergötland. To the east in the Baltic Sea is the island Gotland.

The counties are mainly administrative units. Geographically Kalmar County covers the eastern part in the Småland province, and the entire island of Öland.

Culture[edit]

Much of Öland's present day landscape known as the Stora Alvaret has been designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. This southern part of Öland is known for a large number of rare species; early paleolithic settlement at Alby; other prehistoric remains such as the Gettlinge Gravefield and Eketorp Fortress; and the Ottenby Nature Preserve.

Administration[edit]

Kalmar County was integrated with Kronoberg County until 1672. Blekinge was a part of Kalmar County between 1680 and 1683, due to the foundation of the naval base at Karlskrona.

The seat of residence for the Governor or Landshövding is Kalmar. The Governor is the head of the County Administrative Board or Länsstyrelse. The County Administrative Board is a Government Agency headed by a Governor. See List of Kalmar County Governors.

Since 1997 The municipalities and the county council cooperate through the indirectly politically controlled Regional Council of Kalmar County. The regional council represents the municipalities interests in regional growth issues, coordinates infrastructure planning, higher education, common cultural issues and administers various governmental an EU grants.

Governors[edit]

Riksdag elections[edit]

The table details all Riksdag election results of Kalmar County since the unicameral era began in 1970. The blocs denote which party would support the Prime Minister or the lead opposition party towards the end of the elected parliament.

Year Turnout Votes V S MP C L KD M SD NyD Left Right
1970[2] 88.6 153,510 3.5 45.0 25.4 9.6 2.7 13.4 48.6 48.4
1973[3] 91.2 157,126 3.9 43.9 29.9 5.5 2.4 14.3 47.7 49.7
1976[4] 92.3 164,975 3.2 43.3 29.6 6.7 3.2 15.1 46.6 51.4
1979[5] 91.3 164,457 4.0 44.1 24.0 7.1 1.9 18.6 48.1 49.8
1982[6] 91.7 165,881 3.8 46.1 1.3 21.7 3.9 2.3 20.8 49.9 46.4
1985[7] 89.9 163,808 3.8 46.0 1.3 19.2 9.8 19.8 49.8 48.8
1988[8] 86.6 156,667 4.5 45.4 4.3 18.1 8.1 3.5 15.9 54.2 42.1
1991[9] 87.2 158,445 3.8 39.6 2.7 14.4 5.8 7.9 18.2 6.9 43.4 46.4
1994[10] 87.2 158,424 5.6 47.6 4.3 13.0 4.4 4.3 19.0 1.3 57.5 40.6
1998[11] 81.6 145,002 11.5 39.4 3.9 9.2 2.8 13.3 18.3 54.8 43.7
2002[12] 80.7 144,228 7.3 43.7 3.6 10.6 8.9 11.3 12.7 0.8 54.6 43.5
2006[13] 82.2 147,531 5.0 41.4 3.9 11.1 5.2 7.1 21.3 3.2 50.2 44.7
2010[14] 85.0 154,736 5.1 35.9 5.6 8.9 5.1 6.0 26.9 5.8 46.2 46.9
2014[15] 86.7 158,822 4.6 35.5 4.7 8.7 3.5 4.7 20.3 15.3 44.7 37.3
2018[16] 88.1 160,864 6.1 31.2 2.9 9.8 3.8 7.2 17.2 20.6 50.0 48.8

Municipalities[edit]

Map of municipalities

On the mainland:

On Öland:

Localities in order of size[edit]

The five most populous localities of Kalmar County in 2020:[17]

# Locality Population
1 Kalmar 41,852
2 Västervik 21,472
3 Oskarshamn 18,921
4 Nybro 13,599
5 Vimmerby 8,231

Foreign background[edit]

SCB have collected statistics on backgrounds of residents since 2002. These tables consist of all who have two foreign-born parents or are born abroad themselves.[18] The chart lists election years and the last year on record alone.

Location 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018 2019
Borgholm 5.3 5.7 7.2 9.1 12.3 12.4
Emmaboda 10.2 11.9 13.6 15.8 22.3 23.4
Hultsfred 9.3 10.6 13.2 17.6 24.6 24.7
Högsby 10.3 11.4 14.8 19.2 28.7 28.5
Kalmar 8.9 10.3 12.1 13.9 17.1 17.9
Mönsterås 6.8 8.4 9.1 12.3 17.1 17.3
Mörbylånga 4.6 4.8 5.8 7.1 9.8 9.9
Nybro 9.7 10.6 12.5 15.9 21.8 22.1
Oskarshamn 8.8 10.2 11.9 14.1 17.9 18.3
Torsås 5.4 6.9 8.6 9.8 13.5 13.4
Vimmerby 5.8 7.2 8.8 10.5 15.3 15.5
Västervik 7.2 8.0 9.0 10.8 13.9 14.0
Total 8.0 9.1 10.7 13.0 17.2 17.5
Source: SCB [18]

Heraldry[edit]

The County of Kalmar was formally granted its arms in 1944. Before this the county carried the arms of Småland and Öland side by side. The current arms is a combination of the arms for Småland and Öland. Blazon: "Quartered, the arms of Småland and Öland"

See also[edit]

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Folkmängd i riket, län och kommuner 30 september 2017 och befolkningsförändringar 1 juli–30 september 2017. Totalt". Statistics Sweden. 8 November 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  2. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1970" (PDF). SCB. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  3. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1973" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  4. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1976" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  5. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1979" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  6. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1982)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  7. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1985" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  8. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1988)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  9. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1991" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  10. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1994" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  11. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1998" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  12. ^ "Valresultat Riksdag 2002" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  13. ^ "Allmänna val 17 september 2006" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  14. ^ "Röster - Val 2010" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  15. ^ "Röster - Val 2014" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  16. ^ "Röster - Val 2018" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  17. ^ "Localities 2018 – population, land area, population density" (XLSX). Statistics Sweden. 24 October 2019. Retrieved 24 November 2019.
  18. ^ a b "PxWeb - välj variabler och värden" (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 11 August 2020.

External links[edit]